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Loss; lacking in desired objects or aims. Within the less developed countries deprivation can be acute: water, housing, or food may be lacking. Within the developed world basic provisions may be supplied but, in comparison with the better-off, the poor and the old may well feel a sense of deprivation. This is relative deprivation, which entails comparison, and is usually defined subjectively. In the UK, inequalities in health seem to be more marked in deprived areas than in more affluent ones (Norman et al. (2005) Soc. Sci. & Medicine 60), and in more affluent Western societies relative deprivation seems to be more important than absolute deprivation in determining population health (R. G. Wilkinson2005). ‘The impetus for social change comes not so much from changes in absolute deprivation, but from relative deprivation and it is this which perhaps above all threatens the sustainability of globalisation’ (Kaplinsky (2008) Geog. Compass 2, 2).

The cycle of deprivation is the transmission of deprivation from one generation to the next: lack of knowledge and skills all contribute to a cycle of deprivation, leaving the poor with few resources and many barriers to overcome.

http://www.un.org/ecosoc/docs/pdfs/07-49285-ECOSOC-Book-2007.pdf Describes circle of deprivation.

http://www.communities.gov.uk/archived/general-content/communities/indicesofdeprivation/216309/indicesdeprivation/ UK indices of deprivation.

Subjects: Social Sciences — Earth Sciences and Geography.

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