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A term coined by Ivan Illich (1926–2002) in his book Deschooling Society (1971), in which he argues that schooling and education are by no means necessarily synonymous. He suggests that the function of schools is as much about social control as it is about learning; and that most of what is valuable in our learning takes place outside such institutions. He further argues that schools are not only an inefficient means of providing education in that they generate excessive bureaucracy and expense, but that they are also socially divisive.

Subjects: Education — Sociology.

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