The Design Methods movement emerged in the 1950s as it was increasingly realized that creative individuals working in isolation were no longer able to solve the bigger and more complex problems facing them in the post‐Second World War period. This was reflected in the curricula of progressive institutions such as the Hochschule für Gestaltung at Ulm, where design was set alongside other disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, behavioural psychology, and recent cultural history and theory. A much more systematic and rational approach to design emerged alongside a greater emphasis on teamwork and the bringing together of experts in different disciplinary fields. The first major conference, Systematic and Intuitive Methods in Engineering, Industrial Design, Architecture and Communication was held at Imperial College, London, in 1962, and was followed by a series of conferences and publications on both sides of the Atlantic. Significant amongst the many publications in the field have been L. Bruce Archer's Systematic Method for Designers (1965), J. Christopher Jones's Design Methods: Seeds of Human Futures (1970), and Nigel Cross's Design Methods Manual (1975).
Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.