Separation of the whole or part of the retina from the choroid coat, the vascularized intermediate layer of the eye. The actual separation may be due to a blow to the head or extreme physical exertion, such as lifting a heavyweight, but the underlying cause may be a hole or tear in the retina associated with degenerative changes. The actual detachment may be painless, but the athlete may complain of seeing specks floating in the eye, flashes of light, or blurred vision. Treatment is by fixation of the retina. Those who have had a detached retina are advised to avoid contact sports or very strenuous activity. Medical attention should be sought in all cases of eye injury.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.