Remembering or reminding. In Islamic devotional practice, it represents the ways of reminding oneself of God, based on Quranic injunctions such as “O you who believe, remember Allah with frequent dhikr” (33:41). In Sufi devotions, the term is used both for the regular activity of remembrance and for the litanies and prayers involved in the acts of remembering. Dhikr may be an act of individual devotion, but the term usually refers to collective devotions whose specific formulas and prayers are defined by the devotional path or tariqah that identifies the group. Each Sufi brotherhood has its own distinctive poems and prayers for the regular dhikr meetings of the order and the personal devotions of its members.