Famous Egyptian Sufi (full name Dhul-Nun Abu-Faid Thawban ibn Ibrahim al-Misri). Born in upper Egypt; died in Djiza near Cairo. Considered among the most prominent figures of early Sufism and holds a position in the Sufi chronicles as high as Junaid (d. 910) and Bayazid (d. 874). Wisdom sayings and poems, which are extremely dense and rich in mystical imagery, emphasize knowledge or gnosis (marifah) more than fear (makhafah) or love (mahabbah), the other two major paths of spiritual realization in Sufism. No written work has survived, but a vast collection of poems, sayings, and aphorisms attributed to him continues to live on in oral tradition.