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A mark placed above or below a letter or syllable to specify its distinctive sound value. Diacritics commonly found are the acute accent (é), grave accent (è), circumflex (ô), umlaut (ö), and cedilla (ç). Diacritical markings commonly used in scansion include the macron (-) for long syllables, the breve (‿) for short syllables, the acute accent or the virgule (′) for stressed syllables, and the × symbol for unstressed syllables.

Subjects: Bibliography.

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