1 (1840–44), the literary organ of the American Transcendental movement (see Transcendental Club), of which M. Fuller was editor; she was succeeded by Emerson. It contained contributions by Thoreau.
2 (1889–97) (Nos 1–5), a literary and artistic periodical edited by Ricketts and Charles Shannon. The ‘Dial Group’ also included T. S. Moore and Lucien Pissarro (1863–1944).
3 (1880–1929), a literary monthly founded in Chicago, which moved in 1918 to New York. In its last decade it was one of the most important international periodicals, publishing work by T. S. Eliot, Yeats, D. H. Lawrence, Pound, Cummings, Aiken, and many others.