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The formation of a diazonium salt by reaction of an aromatic amine with nitrous acid at low temperature (below 5°C). The nitrous acid is produced in the reaction mixture from sodium nitrite and hydrochloric acid:ArNH2+NaNO2+HCl → ArN+N+Cl+Na++OH+H2O

ArNH2+NaNO2+HCl → ArN+N+Cl+Na++OH+H2O

Subjects: Chemistry.

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