Didymus the Blind

(c. 313—398)

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Rufinus (c. 345—411)

Jerome (c. 347—420)

Alexandrian theology

St Athanasius (c. 296—373) Greek theologian and upholder of Christian orthodoxy against Arianism

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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Alexandrian theologian. He was a staunch Nicene in trinitarian theology, but he was condemned as an Origenist at the Council of Constantinople in 553, and much of his vast literary output has perished. His ‘On the Holy Spirit’ (in Jerome's translation), ‘Against the Manichees’ (in a mutilated text), and fragments of exegesis have long been known; ‘On the Trinity’ has been attributed to him since the 18th cent., but this ascription is now challenged. Books 4 and 5 of St Basil's Contra Eunomium are sometimes attributed to him. The discovery in 1941 of a group of papyrus codices near Toura (in Egypt) brought to light his commentaries on Job, Zechariah, and Genesis, as well as other commentaries whose authenticity is less certain.

Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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