difference model

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An approach to communication and gender which polarizes the communication styles of men and women in terms of a focus by men on status and independence, reflected in an instrumental and individualistic style, and by women on intimacy and connection, reflected in an expressive and social/relational style. Although some theorists attribute such behaviour to subcultural factors (e.g. different treatment in the formative years of childhood and adolescence), this kind of stance often involves gender essentialism, and fails to allow for the constitutive role of power relations in gender differentiation (see dominance model).

Subjects: Media Studies.

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