differential association

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'differential association' can also refer to...

differential association

differential association

differential-association theory

The Differential Association of Kidney Dysfunction With Small and Large Arterial Elasticity The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Activity Energy Expenditure and Mobility Limitation in Older Adults: Differential Associations by Sex

A Contextual Analysis of Differential Association, Social Control, and Strain Theories of Delinquency*

Path Complexity in Virtual Water Maze Navigation: Differential Associations with Age, Sex, and Regional Brain Volume

Identification of genes differentially expressed in association with reduced azole susceptibility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Differential rates of lexical access in bilinguals: Evidence from controlled word association tasks

The differential diagnosis of the association of pneumonia and haemorrhagic pericarditis should include viral aetiologies

Differential Life History Trait Associations of Aphids with Nonpersistent Viruses in Cucurbits

Power and sample size estimation for epigenome-wide association scans to detect differential DNA methylation

The association between lung innate immunity and differential airway antigen- specific immune responses

Differential associations of cardiovascular disease risk factors with relative wealth in urban-dwelling South Africans

Differential RISC association of endogenous human microRNAs predicts their inhibitory potential

CMDR based differential evolution identifies the epistatic interaction in genome-wide association studies

PhenomeScape: a cytoscape app to identify differentially regulated sub-networks using known disease associations

Epigenome-wide association study of rheumatoid arthritis identifies differentially methylated loci in B cells

Differential Association of Body Mass Index and Fat Distribution with Three Major Histologic Types of Lung Cancer: Evidence from a Cohort of Older Women


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A theory of crime and delinquency pioneered by Edwin Sutherland in the 1930s, as a response to the dominant multi-factorial approaches to crime causation, associated particularly with the work of Eleanor and Sheldon Glueck. In contrast to their account, which identified long lists of factors which might contribute to crime causation, Sutherland aimed to build an integrated and sociological theory which stressed that crime was basically a learned phenomenon. The theory was elaborated and refined in various editions of Sutherland's highly influential textbook Principles of Criminology (later co-authored with Donald Cressey), and came to be presented in nine propositions, the most central of which argued that ‘a person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favourable to violation of law over definitions unfavourable to violation of law’. People learn criminal behaviour through contact with others who define criminality in favourable ways. Arguably, therefore, the theory is as much one of differential definitions as differential association.

The theory was highly influential in deviance and delinquency research, making the explanation of crime largely a matter of ordinary learning processes, rather than biological predisposition. Although it was frequently attacked for being too general and failing to deal adequately with individualistic crimes like embezzlement, the proponents of the theory responded by making it ever more refined and testable, as well as applying it to a wider range of individual deviant phenomena, often using the vocabulary of motives argument to clarify the social nature of even solitary crimes.

Subjects: Sociology.

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