A set of disorders in which there is cardiac dilation and reduced systolic function. It is the result of a heterogeneous group of inherited and acquired disorders. These include myocarditis, coronary artery disease, systemic diseases, and myocardial toxins in approximately half the cases; familial forms, in which there is autosomal dominant inheritance, account for ~25% of the remaining idiopathic cases. See hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; phospholamban.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.