(b. Tete province, Mozambique, 11 April 1958)
Mozambican; Prime Minister 2004– Diogo studied economics at university in Maputo and, while studying there, she worked at the country's finance ministry. At that time, the country was embroiled in civil war. Following her graduation in 1983, she studied at the University of London, gaining a master's degree in financial economics in 1992. She then worked for the World Bank, leaving in 1994 when invited to become deputy Finance Minister of Mozambique. Mozambique faced problems of poverty and poor economic growth and Diogo set out to secure international help for the country. She was successful; the economy started to revive, and in 1999 she became Minister of Finance, being named Finance Minister of the Year for Africa in The Banker in 2004, the year in which she was appointed Prime Minister by President Chisanno. As Prime Minister, an unelected post in Mozambique appointed by the elected President, Diogo has addressed the many problems facing the country. She has instituted active campaigns against AIDS/HIV, has continued to reform the economy, and started the process of reforming the judiciary and the police force. While having been very successful in attracting international assistance to Mozambique, Diogo, one of a new generation of post-independence African leaders, aims to remove Mozambique's need for international support through economic development and poverty reduction.