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Son of Tydeus; one of the chief Achaean warriors in the Trojan War and leader of a contingent of 80 ships from Argos and Tiryns. In books 5 and 6 of the Iliad his great charge leads to the death of Pandarus, the removal of Aeneas from looming defeat by his mother Aphrodite, and the wounding of the goddess herself and of Ares; later we are shown a more restrained side of his character as he declines to fight with his ‘guest‐friend’ Glaucus (see friendship, ritualized). Throughout the poem, but esp. in the second half, he offers shrewd and bold advice to the Greek war‐council. In the funeral games for Patroclus he wins both the chariot‐race and (against Aias (1)) the spear‐fight. He is esp. associated with Odysseus in various actions, killing Dolon and Rhesus in Bk. 10, and in the poems of the Epic Cycle sharing in the murder of Palamedes, bringing Philoctetes back from Lemnos, and stealing the Palladium, from the Trojan citadel.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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