(b Kassel, 1866; d Hollywood, Calif., 1932).
Ger. tenor and impresario. Member of opera cos. in Bremen 1887–92 and Vienna 1893–8. Débuts: NY Met 1890; CG 1897; Bayreuth 1889. At NY Met 1890–1908, becoming joint man. with Gatti‐Casazza 1908–10. Man., Chicago Opera, 1910–13. Sang over 150 roles, notably those by Wagner, and was famous for ability to replace indisposed colleague at very short notice.