The double gateway in Athens' city wall leading into the Ceramicus and to the cemetery immediately outside the wall in that area. The gateway comprised a rectangular courtyard open on the land side, closed by two double doors on the city side; each corner was enlarged to form a tower; a fountain‐house adjoined the gateway on the city side. The complex dates from immediately after the Persian Wars, but was rebuilt in the 3rd cent. bc. The road from the Agora to the Academy passed through this gate. Some 75 m. (82 yds.) SW a similar smaller gateway protected the passage of the Sacred Way to Eleusis. Between the two gates stood the Pompeion, the marshalling‐place for the Panathenaic procession (see panathenaea). From the 11th cent. bc onwards the area was the principal burial‐ground of Athens. The best impression of the cemetery is given by Pausanias (3), who observed here the tombs of the war‐dead and individual monuments to Harmodius and Aristogiton, Cleisthenes (2), Pericles, and other prominent politicians.
Subjects: Classical Studies.