The method(s) and procedure(s) used to prevent and/or treat disease. This is the main business of public health practice. Preventive methods are classified as primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. In practice, control of communicable diseases relies on surveillance, notification of cases of contagious and other communicable diseases, specific control measures such as isolation and application of measures such as chemoprophylaxis, vector control for vector-borne diseases, and many other specific and general control methods. Other methods of control are used to reduce the effects of injury, cancer, heart disease, and harmful behaviors, such as use of aggression and domestic violence, excessive alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking.
Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden — Public Health and Epidemiology.