People who have been obliged by war, natural disaster, political persecution, ethnic cleansing, or other cause, to relinquish their usual home and habitat, and seek refuge elsewhere within their own country, i.e., internally displaced persons in the terminology of the United Nations. The same people are designated refugees when they cross the frontier into another country. The intergovernmental organization that deals with displaced persons is the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) manages the care of refugees. Many nongovernmental organizations also participate in provision of aid to both displaced persons and refugees.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Law.