father of B. Disraeli, was the author of several discursive collections of literary history including Curiosities of Literature (1791–1834). His most remarkable and original work was The Literary Character (1795), in which he attempts to identify the qualities of temperament common to creative writers. Calamities of Authors followed in 1813, Quarrels of Authors in 1814. His study in five volumes of The Life and Reign of Charles I appeared in 1828–30, and Amenities of Literature in 1840. He also published several novels and essays.