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distraction strain


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A muscle strain that occurs when a muscle accidentally contracts when it is being stretched. Distraction strains often occur among athletes who do not warm up properly or who are suffering from fatigue, and are not able to respond adequately to neuromuscular reflexes. There are three degrees of distraction strain: first degree strain, where there is some swelling, inflammation, and discomfort, but no appreciable tear; second degree strain, in which there is considerable pain, more damage to the muscle, but there is no complete tear; and a third degree strain, in which there is a complete tear of the muscle (see distraction rupture).

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.


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