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An employment or industrial dispute is an expression of conflict between employers and employees. It can refer either to the issue that generates conflict or to the actions taken by those who are party to the conflict; for instance strikes are sometimes described as industrial disputes. Disputes can arise for a wide variety of reasons and assume a number of different forms. A basic division can be drawn, however, between individual disputes between employers and their employees and collective disputes that involve employers and trade unions. A major purpose of the industrial relations system is to allow the handling and resolution of employment disputes with minimum disruption to the economy and wider society. [See dispute resolution and disputes procedure.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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