Style of instr. jazz‐playing from c.1912, also called ‘New Orleans’ or ‘classic’ style. Had elements of ragtime and blues with own distinctive improvisation. Dixieland bands were divided into 2 sections, one providing rhythm and harmony, the other melody and extemporization. The melody section consisted of tpt. or cornet, cl., and tb. (and, later, sax.); the rhythm section of pf. and/or banjo, trap drums, and sousaphone, tuba, or plucked db. Outstanding Dixieland performers were Louis Armstrong, Kid Ory, King Oliver, Sidney Bechet, Jelly Roll Morton, and Earl Hines.