(b NY, 1915; d Zug, Switz., 1976). Amer. conductor, one of the first blacks to achieve fame as a symphonic cond. Début NY Town Hall 1938, NYPO 1941, and then other leading orchs. Founded Amer. Youth Orch. 1944. In 1949 cond. in Scandinavia. Cond. Israel PO 1950–1. Mus. dir. Gothenburg SO 1953–60, Hesse Radio SO 1961–74, Sydney SO 1963–7. British début 1963 with BBCSO. Series of concerts with leading Amer. orchs. after 1970.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.