The use of DNA technology during the evidence-gathering phases of criminal investigations, as well as any use of DNA evidence in the legal system. The first case in which a person was convicted of a crime on the basis of DNA evidence occurred in 1987. In 1989, the first conviction was overturned on the basis of DNA evidence. DNA profiling has also been successful in identifying victims of catastrophes, in establishing paternity, and in determining the bacteria or viruses responsible for outbreaks of infectious diseases. See CODIS, DNA fingerprint technique, Romonov, STR analysis.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.