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In its naval sense an establishment in a strategic position ashore which not only serves as a base for warships but also provides all services they can require, such as repair, refit, replenishment, etc. Most naval dockyards of any size also have building slips for the construction of warships, and dry-docks for their servicing. In Britain the naval dockyards are known as royal dockyards; in the USA they are called naval shipyards or navy yards.

Civilian dockyards exist around the world to provide the same services for merchant ships, though often without the building facilities, being geared more to the repair and refit of ships than their construction. However, one of the best-known English dockyards was at Deptford on the River Thames where the English East India Company had its East Indiamen built.

See also shipbuilding.

See also shipbuilding.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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