(1871–1942). American experimental psychologist, born in Wobern, Massachusetts, the son of a physician. He was educated at Williams College, where he obtained his degree, but failed to gain admission to Harvard. He then spent several years in Germany working with Benno Erdmann in Halle, where he obtained his doctorate and jointly with Erdmann published a book on the experimental psychology of reading (1898), which was a classic in its day. He returned to America in 1898 and became a professor at the Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut, where he became well known among psychologists for his originality and skill in psychological instrumentation and research. (Erdmann told him that he should have become an engineer!)
From The Oxford Companion to the Mind in Oxford Reference.