Eldest son of the nonjuror Henry Dodwell the elder, Henry junior was born at Shottesbrooke, Berkshire. He attended Magdalen College, Oxford. Receiving his BA in 1726, he then studied law in the Temple. Surprisingly little is known of Dodwell's life, however, given the notoriety of his published work and his connection with a distinguished father and a not unknown clergyman brother, William Dodwell, who wrote against freethought. It is likely that Henry courted anonymity. According to Andrew Kippis, a fellow member of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, Dodwell was active in the early period of that Society and ‘appeared to be a polite, humane and benevolent man’.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.