Dolaucothi, Carmarthenshire, Wales

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Gold mine between the rivers Cothi and Annell in west Wales. Investigations and surveys by Barri Jones, Barry Burnham, and others during the 1980s and 1990s revealed extensive open‐cast and adit workings, the latter giving access to shafts and galleries extending to depths of more than 50 m below the modern surface. Some may date to later prehistoric times, but extraction expanded rapidly under Roman military control after c.ad 75. Part of a wooden water‐raising wheel dating to early Roman times found deep in the mine shows something of the scale and technological investment. Around the mines there is a Roman fort established during Flavian times and continuing in use down to the mid 2nd century ad, two aqueducts and associated ponds providing water to drive machinery in the mines, working floors, a bath‐house, trackways, and a small civilian settlement mainly of later 2nd through to 4th century date. A satellite industry carving cornelian gemstones is known at the site.


B. Burnham and H. Burnham, 2004, Dolaucothi‐Pumsaint: survey and excavation at a Roman gold‐mining complex 1987–1999. Oxford: Oxbow Books

Subjects: Archaeology.

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