dominant party

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Term referring to a political party which dominates the government of a country over several decades, governing either on its own or as the leading partner in coalition governments. The classic examples were the Christian Democrats in Italy, the Liberal Democrats in Japan, and the Congress in India. One of the characteristics of a dominant party is that opposition politics often occurs within the dominant party, rather than through the formal opposition. Dominant parties have tended to become highly factionalized, with the selection of party leaders becoming a competition between the leading factions.


Subjects: Politics.

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