Patr. of Jerusalem from 1669. He convened the 1672 Synod of Jerusalem (q.v.) and he was the main author of its decrees and confession. His patriarchate was marked by various monastic and financial reforms and by his vigorous defence of the Greeks against the Latins, e.g. in the dispute with the Franciscans over their rights to the Holy Places. He also tried to extend the influence of Hellenism in Russia.