(2nd cent.), Judaeo-Gnostic heretic. He was of Samaritan origin and, according to Origen, claimed to be the Messiah foretold in Deut. 18: 18. A small body of followers survived to the 10th cent. A short work beginning ‘The revelation of Dositheus about the three steles of Seth’ was discovered at Nag Hammadi, but it is not clear whether this claims to be the work of this Dositheus or an unknown namesake.