NE France. Formerly part of the Spanish Netherlands, it was the seat of a university founded by Philip II in 1562, and it came to house several colleges set up for the benefit of RC students from the British Isles. That founded by W. Allen became an important seminary for training priests to work in England; its members translated the Douai–Reims Bible. When the college was suppressed in the French Revolution, its work was continued near Ushaw and at St Edmund's Old Hall, Ware. See also Downside Abbey.
Subjects: Religion — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).