Overview

double justice


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justification

grace

Johann Gropper (1503—1559)

Martin Luther (1483—1546) German Protestant theologian

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A distinction between two kinds of righteousness drawn by some 16th-cent. theologians in an attempt to explain the mystery of justification. The traditional distinction between the justice (or righteousness) acquired through grace and that acquired through good works lay behind M. Luther's early work, De duplici justitia (1519). Various Catholic writers, recognizing some truth in Luther's doctrine of justification by faith, then distinguished between (1) inherent justice acquired through sanctifying grace and/or good works performed in co-operation with grace; and (2) imputed justice acquired through faith when the merits of Christ were imputed to the believer.

(1) inherent justice acquired through sanctifying grace and/or good works performed in co-operation with grace; and (2) imputed justice acquired through faith when the merits of Christ were imputed to the believer.

Subjects: Christianity.


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