John Douglas

(1721—1807) bishop of Salisbury and writer

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'John Douglas' can also refer to...

Douglas William John Johnson (1925—2005) historian

John Arthur Douglas Bloomfield (1802—1879) diplomatist

John Douglas (1829—1911) architect

John Douglas (1699—1743) surgeon

John Douglas (c. 1500—1574) archbishop of St Andrews and educational reformer

John Douglas Armour (1830—1903) judge in Canada

John Douglas Cook (c. 1808—1868) newspaper editor

(John) Douglas Woodruff (1897—1978) journalist and wit

John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell (1845—1914) governor-general of Canada

John Sholto Douglas (1844—1900) sportsman and controversialist

John Walter Edward Douglas Scott Montagu (1866—1929) promoter of motoring

John William Henry Tyler Douglas (1882—1930) cricketer and all-round sportsman

Sir John Douglas Cockcroft (1897—1967) physicist and engineer

Sir John Grahame Douglas Clark (1907—1995) archaeologist and prehistorian


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John Douglas was born in Aberdeenshire on 14 July 1721 and died at Windsor on 18 May 1807. The second son of an Episcopalian merchant, he completed his schooling in London whither the family moved in 1735. He matriculated at St Mary Hall, Oxford in 1737 and then migrated as an exhibitioner to Balliol College (BA, 1740; MA, 1743; DD, 1758), where he was a contemporary of Adam Smith. Ordained in 1744, he early established a close connection with the Earl of Bath, in 1748–50 travelling on the Continent as tutor to the Earl's son, Lord Pulteney. The Earl found Douglas a succession of Midlands benefices, which he rarely visited. In 1761 he exchanged them for a City parish, and in 1762 became a canon at Windsor, establishing there what became his main permanent home, and gradually became in effect a courtier. He was elected FRS and FSA in 1778. At the age of sixty-six he became Bishop of Carlisle, and in 1791 was translated to Salisbury, having also become Dean of Windsor in 1788. A 99-page biography by his nephew is to be found in the sumptuous quarto edition of his Select Works published by subscription under royal patronage in 1820.


From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.

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