Sir Archibald Douglas

(c. 1294—1333) magnate

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(c. 1296–1333). Regent of Scotland. Archibald Douglas was younger brother of Sir James Douglas, the staunch supporter of Robert Bruce. After Bruce's death they stood by his young son, David II. In December 1332 at Annan, Archibald Douglas routed Edward Balliol, who had claimed the Scottish throne, and in March 1333 he was appointed regent or guardian, after Sir Andrew Moray had been captured. Edward III of England then besieged Berwick and Douglas marched to relieve it. In July 1333 at Halidon Hill, the English were victorious and Douglas killed.

From The Oxford Companion to British History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: British History.

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