battle of the Downs

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Anglo-Dutch wars

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (1608—1670) army officer and naval officer

Prince Rupert (1619—1682) royalist army and naval officer

Samuel Pepys (1633—1703) naval official and diarist


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A heavy naval engagement on 1–14 June during the second Anglo‐Dutch War. Albemarle (Monck), with some 56 vessels, left the Downs and encountered a large Dutch fleet under de Ruyter, Cornelis Tromp, and de Witt. Rupert brought up reserves on the fourth day enabling Albemarle to retire into the Thames estuary but the English losses were heavier.

Subjects: British History.

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