Syn: Guinea worm disease. Infection with a nematode worm, Dracunculus medinensis, that has a life cycle in which the larval stage is passed in minute freshwater Crustacea (Copepoda, or water fleas). These infect humans when they drink water containing the water fleas. The disease was formerly common in West Africa, Yemen, and India. It is yielding to efforts to eradicate it but is still endemic in about a dozen countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.