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A teacher of drawing, the term was in common usage in Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries and denoted an independent master who might teach both at educational establishments and on an individual basis to private pupils. Many of these masters were itinerant, especially during the summer months, and had to travel to seek employment, often to spa and county towns. Their clients were mostly drawn from the landed gentry and leisured classes which feature so memorably in the novels of Jane Austen. Many of the great English watercolourists, such as John Sell Cotman, had to supplement their incomes with employment of this nature.

Subjects: Art.

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