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(sing. dux)


Latin term for ‘leaders’, sometimes used in the Roman army to refer to soldiers with duties beyond their normal rank. In the 4th century ad frontier forces were often commanded by duces. The dux Britanniarum, duke of the Britons, possibly based in York, commanded the frontier troops on Hadrian's Wall in the 4th century ad. The name survived into the Middle Ages as an expression of nobility (hence ‘duke’), sometimes superior to that of the more normal comites (‘counts’).

Subjects: Archaeology.

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