Gabrielle-Émilie Du Châtelet-Lomont


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French astronomer, mathematician, and long-time mistress of Voltaire. She tried to combine Leibnizian metaphysics with Newton's empirically based science in her Institutions de physique (1740), but was best-known as a proponent of Newton's system against the Cartesian physics then prevailing in France, and for translating Newton's Principia into French (1756).

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945).

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