poet associated with the San Francisco Bay area, studied at the University of California and taught at Black Mountain College. Influenced by Pound and holding to the belief of Charles Olson in an “open field” of composition in which a poem not only treats a theme but picks up associations of the moment of composition. Duncan's writing tends to be rhapsodic and orphic. His ongoing “Passages” relate to Pound's Cantos and Olson's Maximus poems. Duncan's collections include Heavenly City, Earthly City (1947); Medieval Scenes (1950): Letters (1958). containing poetry and prose: The Opening of the Field (1960); Roots and Branches (1964); The Years as Catches (1966). his early poems: Passages 22–27 (1966): and Bending the Bow (1968). Faust Foutou (1960) and Medea at Kolchis (1965) are plays.