Politician. After seven years in the Scots Guards (1975–81), Duncan Smith moved into industry before election in 1992 for Chingford. In 1997 he became Conservative spokesman for social security and in 1999 for defence. On the right of the party, he was a strong opponent of further EEC integration. After the resignation of William Hague in 2001, he was elected leader, but struggled to impose his authority on a party demoralized by crushing election defeats in 1997 and 2001. Dissatisfaction with his parliamentary performance led to his replacement as leader in November 2003 by Michael Howard.
Subjects: British History.