(Fife). On the foundations of a pre‐Conquest Celtic church, a Benedictine monastery church was erected by David I (1150). The burial place of royalty during the 11th–15th cents., it became one of the richest and most influential abbeys in Scotland, used for meetings of the Scottish Parliament, and election of bishops. After 1587 all remaining properties were annexed to the crown. The monastery guest‐house was enlarged as a residence for royalty, and was the birthplace of Charles I (1600).
Subjects: British History.