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Material used to secure a cargo in a ship's hold or on the deck, or the contents of a cargo container. Scraps of wood and cardboard are commonly used, and are often the vehicle that carries unwanted passengers such as larvae of insect vectors or pathogenic organisms. Ensuring that dunnage is free from this risk is seldom part of the precautions that exporters and importers take against introduction to new ecosystems of quarantinable or other diseases of plants, animals, and humans.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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