(1733–96). French painter. He was mainly active as a history painter, earning the praise of Diderot, and with such pictures as The Continence of Bayard (1777; Grenoble, Mus. des Beaux-Arts) being among the first to add scenes from French national history to the traditional repertoire of classical and biblical themes. By the 1780s, however, his work had come to seem old-fashioned by comparison with that of David and other neoclassicists. Durameau's most lastingly attractive pictures are his portraits, his genre scenes in the manner of Hubert Robert, and the ceiling representing Apollo Crowning Illustrious Men of the Arts that he painted in tempera for the opera house at the Château de Versailles.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.