Fr. mus. publishers (Durand, Schoenewerk, & Cie) founded 1869 in Paris by mus. critic Auguste Durand (1830–1909). Became Durand et Fils 1891. Complete editions of Rameau begun 1894 (ed. Saint‐Saëns). Pubd. editions of Chopin by Debussy and of Schumann by Fauré. Composers in firm's list incl. Debussy, Ravel, Saint‐Saëns, Milhaud, Poulenc, d'Indy, Messiaen, Ibert, and others.