diocese of Durham

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Aldhelm (c. 639—709) abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar

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The bishopric, conterminous with the old county of Durham, was created in 995, when Aldhelm moved the see from Chester‐le‐Street. The consequent translation of St Cuthbert's bones to Durham benefited the new see spiritually and financially. The prince‐bishops of the Middle Ages were people of influence in both church and state. Today the bishops of Durham still hold seniority, with London and Winchester, second only to the archbishops of Canterbury and York. The original Anglo‐Saxon cathedral of 995 was replaced by the present magnificent Norman cathedral. The tombs of Cuthbert and Bede are in the Galilee chapel.

Subjects: British History.

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