John Dwight

(c. 1634—1703) chemist and potter

'John Dwight' can also refer to...

Dwight, John

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John W. Malsberger. The General and the Politician: Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, and American Politics.

The Truth Is Our Weapon: The Rhetorical Diplomacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles

Cardiology A. Betts, J. Dwight, S. Bull Chichester, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

New England's Moral Legislator: Timothy Dwight, 1752–1817. By John R. Fitzmier. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. xiv, 261 pp. $39.95, ISBN 0-253-33433-0.)

John R. Fitzmier. New England's Moral Legislator: Timothy Dwight, 1752–1817. (Religion in North America.) Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1998. Pp. xi, 261. $39.95

Chris Tudda. The Truth Is Our Weapon: The Rhetorical Diplomacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 2006. Pp. ix, 224. $39.95

Stephen G. Alter. William Dwight Whitney and the Science of Language. (Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, number 1) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2005. Pp. xiii, 339. $49.95.

John Clarke and His Legacies: Religion and Law in Colonial Rhode Lsland, 1638–1750. By Sydney V. James; ed. by Theodore Dwight Bozeman. (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999. xiv, 202 pp. $35.00, ISBN 0-271-01849-6.)


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(bc. 1635; bur Fulham [now in London], 13 Oct 1703). English potter. He was employed by the natural philosopher and chemist Robert Boyle in Oxford in the 1650s, and from 1661 held secretarial and legal appointments under three bishops of Chester. In 1670-71, when living at Wigan, he concluded that ‘he had ye secret of making china ware’. He applied for and was granted a patent on 17 April 1672 for making ‘transparent Earthen Ware’ and ‘stone ware’ and moved to London, setting up a pottery in Fulham. By March 1676 the production of stoneware bottles after the Rhenish bellarmines, mugs and similar vessels (including Tiger Ware) was sufficiently established for Dwight to negotiate a sales agreement with the Worshipful Company of Glass Sellers of London, who held the London monopoly of the sale of both glassware and stoneware. In June 1684 Dwight obtained a second patent restating his original claims and supplemented with additional ‘inventions’, including ‘opacous redd and darke coloured Porcellane’. Dwight's production of so-called ‘porcellane’ appears to have been limited to a number of extremely fine, white, salt-glazed stoneware busts and figures, as in the stoneware bust of Prince Rupert (c. 1675; London, BM), the result of experimental work c. 1673-5. Production of brown stoneware, however, continued at Fulham Pottery for more than 200 years.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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