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A system of government formally introduced into British India by the 1919 Government of India Act. Government of the thirteen Indian provinces was to be on a dual basis: a reserved area of finance, police, and justice, which remained under the control of the Governor; and a transferred area, such as local government, education, and health, under the control of Indian ministers chosen from the elected members of a legislative council. Introduced by the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Samuel Montagu on the basis of the Montagu‐Chelmsford Proposals (1918), it left the most important areas of government outside the purview of Indian influence. Nevertheless, it represented an important step towards Indian self‐determination and eventual independence.

Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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